Needs Synonyms
    **Needs**

The following words relate to our feelings for things.  Our basic physical needs are nothing more than that – a necessity to keep us alive.  It is paradoxical that we often spend much more time, energy and money for things that we don’t need but simply want.  

Leonard Cohen expresses this in

“Your debutante knows what you need; but I know what you want.”

Advertising realises this and makes the most of it by appealing to our false desires for respectability, status and position.  In rich countries,* consumption consists of people spending money they don’t have to buy goods they don’t need to impress people they don’t like.* 

Greed is sexier than gratitude, competitiveness is better than cooperation. Power and money are what matter.

*Mostly we live in a heightened state of insatiability, wanting what we can’t have, forgetting and discarding what we already have.  *Forgiveness and Other Acts of Love by Stephanie Dowrick

Many of our needs are physical or biological for survival while others are emotional, psychological or spiritual, however many again are not real needs, merely desires - vanity.

Maslow’s hierarchy of needs

Named after its originator, the US psychologist Abraham Harold Maslow (1908-70) who proposed it in 1954.  They are not necessarily scientific.

Five interdependent levels of basic human needs (motivators) that must be satisfied in a strict sequence starting with the lowest level.

Physiological needs for survival (to stay alive and reproduce) and security (to feel safe) are the most fundamental and most pressing needs.  Food, clothing, shelter.

Social needs (for love and belonging) and self-esteem needs (to feel worthy, respected, and have status).

Personal - the highest level needs are self-actualization needs (self-fulfillment and achievement).

Its underlying theme is that human beings are ‘wanting’ beings: as they satisfy one need the next emerges on its own and demands satisfaction … and so on until the need for self-actualization that, by its very nature, cannot be fully satisfied and thus does not generate more needs. This theory contends that once a need is satisfied, it stops being a motivator of human beings. In personnel management, it is used in design of incentive schemes. In marketing, it is used in design of promotional campaigns based on the perceived needs of a market segment a product satisfies.  

Desiderata  plural noun  - things wanted or needed; the plural of desideratum. 

Origin: Desiderata and the singular desideratum derive from the Latin verb dēsīderāre meaning “to long for, require.”  - a desire to know.

Rank these in order of your hierarchy and then use them in sentences.

 

**Yearnings, Yen, pinings,  desires, wants, longings, cravings, needs, urges, inclinations,  aspirations,  languish, lust, wish, greed, covet, search, demands, motivations, pang, wrench, hanker….
 **

We yearn for ……………………………………………………………………………………..

 

We pine for……………………………………………………………………………

 

We desire………………………………………………………………………….. …

 

We want……………………………………………………………………………….

 

We long for…………………………………………………………………………….

 

We crave ………………………………………………………………………………

 

We need ……………………………………………………………………………….

 

We have a yen for…………………………………………………………………….

 

We are greedy for ……………………………………………………………………

 

We covet ………………………………………………………………………………

 

We have urges to …………………………………………………………………….

 

We have aspirations to ………………………………………………………………

 

We lust for …………………………………………………………………………….

 

Suggest some of the synonyms for needs in the following sentences:

  1. I  ………………………………………………. you  to come with me to the dentist.

 

2.  We ……………………………………………. the basic staples for living.

 

  1.  Pregnant women often ………………  …….  special foods.

 

4.  Pacifists ……………………………………….  for world peace.

 

5.  Lovers ……………………………………..……for unrequited loved ones.

6.  Spiritualists ……………………………………..for personal tranquility.

 7. We ………………………………………………luxury and opulence.

  1.   I have an …………………………………………to hit him over the head.

  2.   I ……………………………………………….….your car.

  3. We ……………………………………….………to do great things.

Reflective Tones are often needy: #

 Sad, anguished, grieving, dejected, melancholic, mournful, plaintive, poignant

Despairing, gloomy, saturnine, resigned, pessimistic, cynical, distressed, 

contemplative, pensive, reflective, pondering, reminiscent, nostalgic, introspective, intrinsic, ruminative, brooding, vexing, rapt, fugue-state, maudlin,

 longing, yearning, craving, wistful, pining, needy, supplicating, pleading,

 velleity \veh-LEE-uh-tee; vuh-\, noun:

  1. The lowest degree of desire; imperfect or incomplete volition.
  2. A slight wish or inclination