Public Speaking

Kinds or Forms of Speeches: #

There are many different occasions that call for some one to address a group of people.  Some are more formal than others.  You must consider the audience, the occasion and the purpose before determining the tone, language and content.

Persuasive speeches will use different tactics than most social occasions often using humour.  Announcements have their own distinct formalities to gain gravitas. Informative speeches use a more serious approach.

The following are some labels for a variety of forms of address:


Declamation  - a speech given in a dramatic or theatrical manner.


Proclamation -  A formal declaration or publishing of a new law or policy. Also as:  Edict, Ukase, Bull


Joint communicae – a formal announcement at the conclusion of multi-lateral talks.


Statement – A formal announcement designed to clarify an issue.


Oration -  a pompous, ceremonial or rhetorical address on a momentous occasion.


Sermon, homily -  A speech delivered with some moral advice


Exhortation -  designed to encourage, inspire or stimulate to action - in war.


Address -  a formal speech to an audience.


Panegyric -  an oration of celebration or praise


Eulogy -  a funeral speech in tribute to the deceased.


Obsequies -  expressions of consolation or bereavement for the dead.


Valedictory – a farewell address generally at a graduation ceremony.


Toast – a formal well wishing during a celebration.


Lecture – an informative address to instruct or expose a topic.


Harangue –  an angry ranting speech critical of its subject or audience.  Also a  Tirade, rant, diatribe, invective.

Soliloquy  -  generally  an actor talking to oneself that the audience is meant to overhear.  

Monologue -   One person talking to an audience.